Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that develops in the mesothelium, a protective lining that covers the internal organs. It is primarily caused by exposure to asbestos, a group of naturally occurring minerals used in various industries for their heat resistance and insulating properties. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of mesothelioma, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.
Causes of Mesothelioma: The primary cause of mesothelioma is asbestos exposure. When asbestos fibers are inhaled or ingested, they can become lodged in the mesothelium, leading to chronic inflammation, scarring, and the eventual development of cancerous cells. Occupational exposure to asbestos is common among individuals working in industries such as construction, manufacturing, shipbuilding, mining, and asbestos removal. Additionally, secondary exposure can occur when people come into contact with asbestos-contaminated materials brought home by exposed workers.